The Cholistan Desert is largest desert on the indian subcontinent, covering over 25,000 square kilometers. It extends south into the Thar Desert in Sind, and east into India’s Rajistan Desert. Its name is said to derive from the Urdu verb Cholna – to walk – although it’s not clear whether this refers to the shifting sand dunes or the semi-nomadic people who roam the desert in search of water and pasture.
The Hakra River (known in the Vedas as the River Sarasvati, and more recently as the Ghaggar) once flowed through the region, supporting a civilization contemporary with Meonjodaro and Harappa. Over 400 archeological sites have been uncovered along the dried up bed of the Hakra, in addition to evidence of numerous Stone Age settlement at the lower levels. A series of desert forts have been build to guard the trade route across Cholistan, the best preserved of which is Derawar Fort. This unique trip takes you toBahawalpur – Yazman and Chanan Pir while we on camel ride, we spend 2-4 nights camping en route visiting nomad settlements and witness camel drivers dance, the local jhumar around a warm camp fire.
Cholistan sprawls thirty kilometers from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 26,300 km². It adjoins the Thar Desert extending over to Sindh and into India. The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert. Cholistan thus means Land of the Desert. The people of Cholistan lead a semi-nomadic life, moving from one place to another in search of water and fodder for their animals. The dry bed of the Hakra River runs through the area, along which many settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization have been found.
The Deserts Cholistan & Thar offer an exellent taste of camel safari, also one can enjoy the jeep desert safari and desert walk for 4-5 days. It is seasonal tour and whenever you wish to visit try to come in winter in between November to end of March. There is also has an Annual Jeep Rally, known as Cholistan Desert Jeep Rally. It is the biggest motor sports event in Pakistan.